Vaccine support is a very fragile unit in medication as it involves the study of illness characteristics and how to come up with a cure of the disease. For a vaccine to meet its purpose in the right manner of functionality it should working such a manner that it fights the microbes that cause the disease without affecting or altering other elements of the body functionality. Vaccines that happen to affect various cells or alter their functionality when the immune system is responding to microbe is termed to have negative effects thus it cannot carry its purpose effectively. Additionally there are some factors that should be considered when coming up with an effective vaccine which should be how friendly the medicine is with other forms of treatment and the region the patients are in the world just to mention a few of the considerations.
There are a number of main forms of support vaccine medications that are: attenuated vaccine, conjugate vaccine, toxic vaccine, subunit vaccine and inactive vaccine just to mention a few that will be discussed below. These type of vaccine is developed in the vaccine where the real microbe in weakened in the lab to such a point that it cannot harm the body cells causing illness where the real behavior of the microbe is studied so as to find a suitable vaccine. To learn how a microbe functions in the body a similar environment is created in the lab for learning purposes where microbes are studied. The main aim of creating microbes in a lab is to study the level at which the body is able to release antibodies to fight the different microbes and fight an illness and how to come up with relevant cure where an individual needs to take a few doses of the medicine to fight the disease of give enough assistance to the immune system to counter act against the harmful microbe. Some example of such vaccine support diseases are smallpox vaccine, yellow fever, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
The second form of support vaccine is the toxic vaccine that emanates from harmful chemicals from bacteria those secret toxins. Illness can be caused by the toxic substance secreted by the bacteria. It has been learnt from scientific findings that inactive toxins can be treated with formalin, a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water as vaccine. When the body is vaccinated it learns how to produce antibodies to fight toxic substances. The common toxics produced by the body are tetanus and diphtheria.
During the development of conjugate vaccine the scientists link the antigens or toxoids to a microbe and the immune system to distinguish the polysaccharides to the immature immune system such as of young ones to react to polysaccharide coating and protect the cells against bacterium’s. A sugar molecules coat a bacterium that disguises the bacterium antigens for the immune system of an infant not to react to them is referred to as polysaccharides.