Doxycycline hyclate is a man-made (synthetic) antibiotic, which derived from tetracycline. Doxycycline hyclate works by way preventing the production of proteins by bacteria. It is efficient against a wide spectrum of bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Hemophilus influenzae, Chlamydia psittaci, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoea, Chlamydia trachomatis, and many others.
Doxycycline hyclate is used for many varios types of infections, which include infections of respiratory tract due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae or Hemophilus influenzae. As well It is used for the treatment of Rocky mountain spotted fever, nongonococcal urethritis (due to Ureaplasma), typhus, cholera, chancroid, brucellosis, syphilis, anthrax, and acne.
Doxycycline hyclate is issued in a kind:
- Tablets: 50, 75, 100, and 150 mg.
- Capsules: 40, 50, 75, and 100 mg.
- Suspension: 25 mg/teaspoon.
- Powder for injection: 42.5, 100, and 200 mg.
- Syrup: 50 mg/teaspoon.
Doxycycline hyclate storage:
Tablets, syrup, capsules and suspension should be stored at room temperature about 59-86°F or 15-30°C in tight, light resistant packing.
Powder for injection should be kept at or below 77°F or 25°C and protected from light.
Doxycycline hyclate dosing:
The absorption of doxycycline hyclate isn’t markedly affected by food, and consequently, it can be taken with your meals. For most infections, doxycycline hyclate is taken once or twice a day for 1 to 2 weeks. For adult infections, the ordinary dosage of doxycycline hyclate is 200 mg on the first day (100 mg every 12 hours) followed by a dosage of 100 mg/day as a single dosage or 50 mg twice a day.
Doxycycline hyclate interactions:
It’s recommended that doxycycline hyclate not be used at the same time as calcium, aluminum or magnesium based antacids, such as Tums, Mylanta, Maalox, or Rolaids since, like food, these medicinal agents bind doxycycline hyclate in the intestine and avert its absorption. Similarly, doxycycline medicine should not be used with minerals (for example ironor calcium) or with bismuth subsalicylate.
Doxycycline medication may enhance the activity of Coumadin (warfarin) and cause excessive “thinning” of the patient’s blood, which lead to exaggerated bleeding, that necessitating a reduction in the dosage of warfarin. Dilantin (Phenytoin),barbiturates (such as phenobarbital) and carbamazepine (Tegretol) may enhance the destruction (metabolism) of doxycycline drug thus making it less efficient.
Doxycycline hyclate pregnancy:
Antibiotics of tetracycline , such as doxycycline drug, may have toxic effects on growth of bone in the fetus. Consequently, tetracyclines aren’t recommended within pregnancy unless there is no other suitable antibiotic.
Doxycycline hyclate nursing mothers:
Doxycycline medicine is secreted into mother’s milk, the extent of absorption by the breastfed infant isn’t known. Since tetracyclines may cause toxic effects on bone, the take of Doxycycline hyclate in nursing mothers is of concern. Your doctor must decide whether to advise that a nursing mother discontinue nursing within treatment with Doxycycline hyclate or change to a other antibiotic.
Doxycycline hyclate side effects:
Doxycycline medicine is as a rule well-tolerated. The most common by-effects are diarrhea or loose stools, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Tetracyclines drug, such as Doxycycline hyclate, may cause tooth discoloration if taken in children below eight years of age. Besides, exaggerated sunburn may happen with Doxycycline medicine; Consequently, sunlight should be minimized within treatment.
Stomach upset, nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting may befall. If any of these effects worsen or persist, you should tell your doctor. Remember that your physician has prescribed this medical product because she or he has judged that the advantage to you is greater than the risk of by-effects.
Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: sunburn (sun sensitivity), painful/difficult swallowing.
Many people taking this medicinal agent don’t have serious side effects. You should inform your doctor straightway if any of these hardly probable but serious side effects happen: sunburn (sun sensitivity), difficult or painful swallowing.
You should report your doctor straightway if any of these rare but serious side effects happen:change in the amount of urine, unusual or severe headache, vision changes (for example, blurred vision). This Doxycycline hyclate may rarely cause a very severe intestinal condition due to a type of resistant bacteria.
Don’t use anti-diarrhea medicine or narcotic pain medicaments if you have any of the following symptoms since these medical products may make them worse. You should inform your doctor straightway if you develop: stomach pain or cramping, persistent diarrhea, blood or mucus in your stool.
Use of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in oral thrush or a new vaginal yeast infection. Contact your doctor if you notice white patches in your mouth, a change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects.
If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.